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Chronology Alma Mahler-Werfel


1879 31st of August: Alma Maria Schindler is born in Vienna,
  daughter of the landscape painter Jakob Emil Schindler and his wife, German singer Anna von Bergen
1881 Birth of Alma’s stepsister Grete
1883 18th of May: Walter Gropius is born in Berlin
1884 Beginning of the year: Jakob Emil Schindler acquires landed property in Plankenberg near Tulln in lower Austria
1885 Gustav Mahler becomes musical director in Prague
1886-88 Gustav Mahler becomes second musical director at the Municipal theatre in Leipzig.
1886 1st of March: Oskar Kokoschka is born.
1888-91 Gustav Mahler becomes director of the Royal Hungarian Opera in Budapest.
1889 Jakob Emil Schindler obtains an assignment of the Austrian Crown Prince Rudolf to paint Adria-landscapes.
The Schindler-family and Carl Moll travel south.
20th of November: World premiere of Gustav Mahler's 1st symphony ("Der Titan”) in Budapest.
1890 10th of September: Franz Werfel is born in Prague.
1891-97 Gustav Mahler is first musical director at the municipal theatre in Hamburg.
1892 Beginning of Alma's intensive occupation with music.
First vacation of the Schindler-family to Sylt, Northern Germany.
9th of August: Death of Alma’s father Jakob Emil Schindler on Sylt.
1894 First short-term visit to a school.
1895 Max Burckhard, director of the Vienna Burgtheater, furthers Alma's interest in classical as well as in contemporary literature.
13th of December: World premiere of Gustav Mahler's 2nd symphony ("Resurrection”) in Berlin.
1897 Second marriage of Alma’s mother Anna Schindler to painter Carl Moll, who had been Jakob Emil Schindler’s assistant.
Gustav Mahler converts to Catholicism.
8th of October: Gustav Mahler is appointed director of the Vienna Court Opera.
1898/99 Alma Schindler in contact to the Viennese Secession movement.
Friendship with Gustav Klimt.
Birth of Alma’s stepsister Maria.
Removal to the Theresianumgasse, Vienna.
1900 Alexander Zemlinsky teaches Alma composition.
Alma gets acquainted to Arnold Schoenberg through Zemlinsky.
Intimate relationship with Alexander Zemlinsky.
22nd of January: Zemlinsky's opera "Es war einmal” (Once upon a Time) has its premiere at the Vienna Court Opera under the musical direction of Gustav Mahler.
1901 The Moll-family moves into their house on the "Hohe Warte".
7th of November: First invitation to Gustav Mahler.
25th of November: World premiere of Gustav Mahler's 4th symphony in Munich.
27th of November: Mahler's first visit to the Moll house.
21st of December: Official marriage proposal to Alma Schindler.
23rd of December: Engagement.
World premiere of Gustav Mahler's "Klagendes Lied” in Vienna.
1902 12th of January: Viennese premiere of Mahler's 4th Symphony.
9th of March: Gustav Mahler and Alma Schindler marry in Vienna.
Journey of three weeks to St. Petersburg, where Mahler conducts concerts.
12th of June: World premiere of the 3rd symphony in Krefeld. The Mahler couple is present at the concert.
Summer sojourn in Maiernigg.
3rd of November: Birth of daughter Maria Anna.
1903 21st of February: premiere of Wagner's "Tristan and Isolde”. Alfred Roller designs the scenery, Gustav Mahler conducts.
Encounter with writer Gerhart Hauptmann.
1904 Friendship with composer Hans Pfitzner.
Mahler family in Abbazia.
15th of June: Birth of daughter Anna Justine.
18th of October: World premiere of Mahler’s 5th symphony in Cologne under Mahler's musical direction.
1905 Through Alma’s kind offices, Pfitzner's "Rose vom Liebesgarten” has its world premiere at the Court Opera.
March: Stay in Abbazia
June: Alma Mahler with her children and mother Anna Moll in Maiernigg.
Gustav Mahler's "Kindertotenlieder” have their world premiere in Vienna.
1906 27th of May: World premiere of Mahler's 6th symphony in Essen.
1907 12th of July: Death of Alma’s daughter Maria Anna.
14th of July: Funeral.
Breakdown Alma Mahler.
End of July: Gustav Mahler falls ill, and an acute heart ailment is diagnosed.
Stay of the Mahler couple in Schluderbach/Tirol.
Crisis at the Vienna Court Opera.
15th of October: Mahler conducts for the last time at the Court Opera. He severs his contract. Felix von Weingartner becomes his successor in Vienna.
Trip to St. Petersburg. Igor Strawinsky is present at the performance of the 5th symphony.
In Helsinki Mahler comes into contact with composer Jan Sibelius.
Recovery vacation Alma Mahler at the Semmering, Lower Austria.
24th of November: Gustav Mahler conducts his 2nd symphony in the musical company.
9th of December: Alma and Gustav Mahler leave Vienna.
1908 1st of January: Mahler conducts Wagner's "Tristan and Isolde” at the New York Metropolitan Opera.
Concert tour to Boston and Philadelphia.
Alma Mahler suffers an attack of weakness.
April/May: Return-trip to Europe.
Encounter with Dr. Joseph Fraenkel from New York.
Somme sojourn in Toblach. Maiernigg is sold.
Last visit to Max Burckhard in St. Gilgen.
19th of September: World premiere of Mahler's 7th symphony in Prague.
The Mahler couple travel to New York once again with daughter Anna.
Re-encounter with Dr. Fraenkel. Meeting with singer Enrico Caruso in New York.
Mahler starts on the 9th symphony, after he finishes the "Lied von der Erde”.
1909 Quarrels at the "Metropolitan Opera” with conductor Arturo Toscanini.
Beginning of the year: Mother Anna Moll in New York.
February: Alma Mahler suffers a miscarriage.
Concerts of Mahler in Paris and Amsterdam. Auguste Rodin portrays the composer in Paris.
May: Nervous breakdown Alma Mahler. Recovery in Levico.
The Mahler couple take their third trip to America with their daughter Anna.
Gustav Mahler becomes Chief composer at the Philharmonic Society of New York. Concerts in Brooklyn, Philadelphia and Buffalo.
More social contacts.
Initial work on the 10th symphony.
1910/11 Walter Gropius builds the Fagus-Factory in Alfeld.
1910 April: Return to Europe.
Concerts in Paris, Leipzig and Cologne.
Sojourn of the Mahler couple in Rome.
End of May: Alma Mahler is taking the waters in Tobelbad. There she meets Walter Gropius.
Meeting between Gustav Mahler and Sigmund Freud in Leyden.
12th of September: World premiere of the 8th symphony in Munich.
Fall: Gustav Mahler sees to it that 5 Hymns by Alma Mahler are published.
4th journey to America.
Opening for the concert season of the Philharmonic Society and tour to Pittsburg and Buffalo.
The Mahler family buys a house in Breitenstein/Semmering.
1911 Friendship with composer Ferruccio Busoni.
January: disagreements of the Philharmonic Society with Mahler.
21st of February: Mahler conducts his last concert.
April: Alma drives to Paris with the mortally ill Gustav Mahler.
Admittance into the hospital Andre Chantemesse.
Mahler is sent to the sanatorium Loew in Vienna by Professor Chvostek.
18th of May: Gustav Mahler dies. Burial at the Cemetery of Grinzing in the tomb of the daughter Maria Anna.
Removal with daughter to Vienna’s first district, Elisabethstrasse.
Affair with biologist Paul Kammerer.
20th of November: First performance of the "Lied von der Erde” with conductor Bruno Walter
Alma Mahler refuses a marriage proposal from
Dr. Joseph Fraenkel.
Franz Werfel "Der Weltfreund” (poems).
1912 Friendship with composer Franz Schreker.
Spring: Oskar Kokoschka paints a portrait of Carl Moll.
Beginning of an intense relationship between Alma and Kokoschka.
April: Alma Mahler with Lili Leiser in Paris.
26th of June: World premiere of Mahler's 9th symphony in Vienna with conductor Bruno Walter.
Summer: Journey to Holland and - with Kokoschka - to Switzerland.
1913 Oskar Kokoschka tries to persuade Alma to marry him.
August: Trip to Tre Croci/Dolomiten (Italy) with Kokoschka.
Franz Werfel "Wir sind” (We are), poems and "Die Versuchung” (Temptation), dramatic poem in prose.
1914 December: Alma starts writing letters to Walter Gropius.
"Die Windsbraut” (The Tempest), painting by Oskar Kokoschka.
The prize of the Mahler Foundation is awarded to Arnold Schoenberg.
1915 Kokoschka as cavalry soldier on the Russian front. Severe injuries.
Spring: Alma Mahler with Walter Gropius in Berlin.
Gropius has to return to the front.
Alma arranges a Schoenberg-concert in Vienna.
18th of August: Wedding of Walter Gropius and Alma Mahler.
The prize of the Mahler Foundation is awarded to Julius Bittner.
Franz Werfel "Einander”, poems.
1916 22nd of April: World premiere of Werfel's Euripides-adaptation "Die Troerinnen” in Berlin.
5th of October: Birth of daughter Manon Gropius.
1917 Acquaintance with writer Franz Blei.
Fall: Alma gets to know Franz Werfel.
1918 Walter Gropius is transferred to Berlin.
January: Beginning of a relationship with Franz Werfel.
July: Premature birth of son Martin Carl Johannes.
1919 Walter Gropius founds the Bauhaus in Weimar.
Spring: Son Martin dies of progerea.
March: Alma visits Walter Gropius in Weimar with daughter Manon.
Fall: Daughter Anna Mahler gets engaged to Rupert Kollner.
Franz Werfel "Die Mittagsgoettin”, magical play; "Der Gerichtstag”, poems.
1920 Beginning of the year: Trip to Italy with Manon and Franz Werfel.
Visit in Amsterdam with Willem Mengelberg, who arranged a Mahler festival.
The papers for a divorce of the Gropius' are filed.
Franz Werfel "Nicht der Moerder, der Ermordete ist schuldig” (It’s not the murderer’s but the victim’s fault), novel.
1921 Trip to Venice.
Visits of the composers Hans Pfitzner, Maurice Ravel, Alfredo Casellas, Francis Poulenc and Darius Milhaud.
Beginning of the year: Daughter Anna marries Rupert Kollner.
15th of October: World premiere of Franz Werfel's play "Der Spiegelmensch” (Mirrorman) in Leipzig. Further staging in Vienna books little success.
1922 Purchase of a house in Venice, "Casa Mahler”.
Daughter Anna separates from Rupert Kollner. Later Anna marries the composer Ernst Krenek and gets divorced again.
1923 Temporarily stay in Venice and Semmering, together with Werfel.
1924 From draughts left behind by Gustav Mahler, Ernst Krenek orchestrates two arrangements of the 10th symphony and performs them in Vienna.
Franz Werfel "Verdi, Roman der Oper”.
1925 Travels with Werfel to the Near Orient.
Alma in Nervi, from time to time Werfel as well.
Close friendship with composer Alban Berg and his wife Helene.
26th of May: World premiere of Werfel's play "Juarez and Maximilian” in Vienna.
14th of December: Successful world premiere of Alban Berg's opera "Wozzek” in Berlin. Alma and Werfel are present at the opening night. The opera is dedicated to Alma.
1926 End of the year: Czech premiere of "Wozzek” in Prague in the presence of Alma and Werfel.
1928 Franz Werfel "Der Abituriententag”, novel.
1929 6th of July: Alma marries Franz Werfel. Honeymoon to the Near Orient.
Third marriage of daughter Anna to Werfel’s publisher Paul von Zsolnay.
Franz Werfel "Barbara oder die Froemmigkeit”, novel.
1931 Removal into the new big house on the "Hohe Warte".
Daughter Anna separates from Zsolnay.
1932 Budding inclination towards the Roman-Catholic Church.
Beginning of a close and intimate friendship with the professor of theology Johannes Hollnsteiner.
1933 Franz Werfel "Die vierzig Tage des Musa Dagh” (The 40 Days of Musa Dagh), novel.
1934 April: Daughter Manon comes down with poliomyelitis in Venice.
1935 Easter: Daughter Manon Gropius dies. Alban Berg dedicates to her his violin concert ("Dem Andenken eines Engels” – "To the Memory of an Angel”).
Fall Werfel couple in New York to see a performance of Werfel's "Weg der Verheissung” (The eternal Road).
Sale of Casa Mahler, Alma’s house in Venice.
1936 Easter: Stay in Locarno. Memorial service for daughter Manon.
The house on the "Hohe Warte" is given up. Apartment in Milan.
1937 At the World exhibition in Paris Anna Mahler is awarded for her sculptures with a first prize
Franz Werfel "Hoeret die Stimme”, novel.
1938 Alma and Franz Werfel in Milan. Continued journey to Naples and Capri.
March: Alma-Mahler-Werfel leaves Austria to go into exile. Travels to Prague, Zagreb, Triest and Milan, where her husband is staying.
Invitation to Zuerich. Continued journey via Paris and Amsterdam to London to see her daughter Anna. Return to Paris.
Purchase of a renovated watchtower in Sanary-sur-mer.
Franz Werfel has heart troubles again. Recuperation in the south of France.
November: Alma’s mother Anna Moll dies.
Winter: Stay in Paris. Visits by Franz Lehar, Bruno Walter, Fritz von Unruh and Gustave Charpentiers.
Walter Gropius is appointed professor at Harvard-University/USA.
1939 End of the year: Paris-sojourn.
Franz Werfel "Der veruntreute Himmel”, novel (initially ”Der gestohlene Himmel” – "The pinched Heaven”)
ca. 1940 (around) The mentally retarded sister Grete is killed in Germany by the Nazi regime.
1940 Werfel couple reaches Bordeaux, Bayonne and Pau.
1st of July: Visit to Lourdes
3rd of August Return to Marseille.
12th of September Beginning of the journey to the USA via Spain and Portugal, accompanied by Heinrich and Golo Mann.
Emigration to the USA.
13th of October: Arrival in New York.
December: Alma and Franz Werfel move to
Los Angeles.
Friendship with Kate Berl.
1941 In Los Angeles contacts with Arnold Schoenberg and director Max Reinhardt.
Franz Werfel's novel "Das Lied der Bernadette” (The Song of Bernadette) comes into being (published in Stockholm).
Summer: Franz Werfel's father dies in Marseille.
September: Stay in New York.
1942 Alma and Franz Werfel get acquainted with writer Erich Maria Remarque. Friendship Alma with Remarque.
16th of March: Alexander Zemlinsky dies in Larchmont/New York.
June: Visiting Werfel's relatives in New York.
September: Removal to Beverly Hills.
Franz Werfel makes friends with writer Friedrich Torberg.
1943 Purchase of a summer residence in Santa Barbara.
Franz Werfel suffers two heart attacks during a short period of time.
November/December: More heart attacks Werfel.
23rd of December: Premiere of the movie "The Song of Bernadette”.
1944 Spring: Werfel's state of health improves. Work on "Stern der Ungeborenen” (Star of the Unborn)
1945 Financial difficulties.
Alma suffers from general exhaustion and bouts of fever.
17th of August Werfel finishes in Santa Barbara the "Stern der Ungeborenen”. Physical breakdown.
26th of August: Franz Werfel dies in Beverly Hills/ California.
29th of August Funeral in Beverly Hills. Igor Strawinsky, Arnold Schoenberg, Otto Preminger, Otto Klemperer and the Mann-Family participate in mourning ceremonies.
1946 Alma Mahler-Werfel becomes an American citizen.
1947 Late Summer: Journey to Europe.
Visits to daughter Anna and granddaughter Marina in London.
Stay in Vienna. Efforts to secure her possessions.
Return to the USA.
1948 Daughter Anna Mahler comes to visit Alma in Beverly Hills.
1949 Visit of Erich Maria Remarque and Benjamin Britten.
Summer: Daughter Anna pays a visit to California again.
1950 Daughter Anna and granddaughter Marina move to Beverly Glen.
April: Alma has Gustav Mahler's score of his unfinished 10th symphony published in print.
1952 Alma Mahler-Werfel moves to New York/Manhattan.
November/December: Trip to Paris.
1953 January:/February: Stay in Rome.
During return-trip to the USA encounter with writer Thornton Wilder.
1954 Fall: Travels to Rome.
1959 Benjamin Britten dedicates the "Nocturne for tenor and small orchestra” to Alma
1960 Alma Mahler-Werfel's autobiography "And the Bridge is Love” is published.
1962 Alma attends rehearsals of Gustav Mahler's 8th symphony under the direction of Leonard Bernstein.
1964 31st of August: Celebration of Alma’s 85th birthday.
11th of December: Alma Mahler-Werfel dies in
New York.